Human beings suffer from many afflictions, but the most common one has got to be migraines. Since time immemorial, there have always been cases of people suffering from mild, to severe cases of headache. It is also believed that some cases are genetic. One might wonder what life would be like if there are no easily available medications to give relief in times of pain. Home remedies for migraines in adults have been tested and tried over time, and there is a reason to believe that they work. A migraine is characterized by a deep throbbing feeling on the side of the head. The pain gets awful, sometimes unbearable, and can last for hours or days. Sometimes, nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light, sound, and movement also accompany migraines.
Are there known causes of migraine?
Causes of migrainesThe exact cause of migraines has not been determined, but it is presumed that there are many contributing factors. A migraine occurs in four distinct stages;
- Prodome - Subtle body changes may be an indication that you’re about to have migraines. Some of the changes are constipation, stiff necks, and mood changes.
- Aura - Auras are signs of the nervous systems, and they do not always occur during migraines.
- Attack - Attack lasts the duration of the migraine, and how often they occur varies. During the attack, a person might experience nausea, pain on the sides of the head, and sensitivity to light among others.
- Post-dome - Post-dome happens after an attack, and often the person is left feeling confused, weak and at times dizzy.
Home remedies for migraine headaches in adults
1. Get enough sleepDid you know that getting quality sleep has been proven to be effective in dealing with migraines? Sleep problems such as insomnia, snoring, apnea, restless leg syndrome, among others have all been proven to trigger migraines. It is recommended that one gets eight hours of sleep, as this helps the body to relax and rejuvenate itself, and the part of the brain that is responsible for pain sensitivity does not get affected. Can you figure out if your migraines are sleep related? Track your sleep pattern, when your migraines happen and how long they last.
2. Drink waterBeing dehydrated feeds migraines and makes them worse and more painful to deal with. There are no two ways about it; the body needs water to function. Drink water every day, at least eight glasses a day. Drinking water is not only advised because of the role it plays in relieving migraines, but also for its importance in the functioning of the body. A study showed that people who drink water regularly had fewer reports of migraines. Drinking water is a readily available remedy for dealing with headaches
3. Reduce stressIt is believed that being stressed causes a change in hormonal levels and chemical composition of the body, thus causing migraines. For some people, migraines are a direct result of being stressed, while for others stress is a contributing factor to getting migraines. We are all prone to being stressed, or being in stressful environments. But it is also possible that we change these situations to a more flexible and preferably relaxed environment. Relaxed minds, reduced stress and if you’re lucky no migraines. Wouldn’t that be the ideal situation?
4. Avoid foods that trigger migraineResearch has shown that a few changes to a person's diet to help provide relief from migraines and headache. People have different triggers, and some are food related. Some of the foods that are more associated with migraine offset are coffee, pasta, citrus, tomato, and dairy products among others. A plant-based diet and natural foods that do not have preservatives have also been known to be non-triggers for migraines. If changing your diet can give you relief from migraine, would you try and see how well it works for you?
5. ExerciseCan exercise reduce migraines? It has been shown that regular exercise reduces the severity and intensity of headaches and migraines, and it is advisable for people who struggle with migraines to establish a workout routine. Be careful that the routine is not too intense that it triggers migraines. For some people, however, some intense workouts can trigger headaches, and in this case then one should change the routine. Exercise is good for general health and should be part of a persons’ lifestyle.
6. Alcohol and caffeineCoffee drinkers often suffer from withdrawal when they go long without coffee, the withdrawal causes headache, and at times it worsens to migraines. Coffee is not always a trigger for migraines, but it is also considered an inhibitor in that it prevents the onset of migraines. Alcohol, on the other hand, causes the blood vessels to relax and increases blood flow to the brain. Those who are prone to getting migraines are advised to reduce their alcohol intake.
7. Do not skip mealsThere are times when one is too busy that they forget to eat, or they remember to but do not have enough time to eat. Life isn’t always straightforward because sometimes obvious aren't so obvious. Whatever the case, it is vital to create time in your busy schedule and eat. Having healthy snacks can be an acceptable alternative.
8. Eat wellDid you know that sometimes when you fail to eat, you are setting yourself up for a migraine? Drops in blood sugar level have been shown to lead to migraines. It is advisable that one gets all the recommended meals in a day to prevent the blood sugar level from dropping and to have snacks in case one skips a meal. Eating well not only nourishes the body but also helps prevent migraine. Isn’t this reason enough to properly nourish the body?
9. MeditateMeditation is a mind-body practice that allows you to focus your attention and increase awareness. It also enables you to relax and focus your mind. There are five different types of meditation;
10. Avoid physical exertionResting can help alleviate symptoms associated with migraines, and headache. Picture this; you are in a quiet room, no disturbances. You have time to relax and be, and finally, you can be in your happy place. Avoiding physical exertion is crucial. Do not overwork yourself, and if possible take time to relax and recharge. We only get to live once so take time off and care for your wellbeing. Avoiding physical exertion is a cost-free home remedy to relieve migraines, and it goes without saying that it is worth trying.
11. Essential oilsWhat are essential oils? They are oils containing a high concentration of plants, leaves, roots, and other parts of a plant. Essential oils have been used to cure migraines and other conditions successfully. They stimulate the body and improve blood flow. Essential oils are best used with other carrier oils such as coconut oil, olive oil, and others. The essential oils are safe and have no side effects on health. The most common essential oils that are used to relieve migraines are; peppermint, rosemary, eucalyptus, chamomile, and lavender oil.
12. AcupunctureAcupuncture has been used as a home remedy to treat a headache. It involves inserting thin needles on specific body parts, and this relieves tension. Research shows getting at least six acupuncture treatment sessions prevents migraines. It does not only work for headaches and migraines, but for other conditions such as stress relief. Acupuncture is a safe practice when administered by a trained professional. There could be mild side effects such as slight bruising which commonly occurs when the needle is pulled out.
13. HerbsThe need and demand for using natural remedies have increased in the previous years. Herbs are best known for their healing properties and nutritional value. The most common herbs used as home remedies for migraines are;
- Black cohosh